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8 Best EQ Plugins for Mixing (+ Mix Tips)

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Equalizers have long been one of the most important processors for audio engineers. They are essential tools for bringing the best out of each and every element of a mix.

The history of audio equalization is an interesting one: beginning with incorporation into telephone technology then becoming viable for use in sound for cinema, equalizers eventually made their way into broadcast and music recording. You’d be hard pressed to find a popular recording over the past 60 years that didn’t use an equalizer at some stage of production.

Here are some of my favorite equalizer plugins that I use when mixing.

1. UAD Manley Massive Passive

Modeled after (arguably) the greatest equalizer ever created, the Universal Audio Manley Massive Passive does it all, and does it well. EveAnna and the amazing team at Manley Labs certainly wouldn’t have signed off on this plugin otherwise. The behemoth tube-based hardware unit is a staple in studios the world over. It’s known for its versatility, degree of control and of course, its unparalleled sound quality. Universal Audio painstakingly modeled the hardware, and the result is a plugin with the same functionality and even more features — all at a fraction of the price. Don’t get me wrong, I certainly wouldn’t turn down a hardware Massive Passive if offered one, but it’s fantastic to be able to use multiple instances of this plugin in a singular session.

The faceplate may look intimidating, but don’t let that deter you from learning this plugin. It’s a two channel, four-band equalizer, so the left and right halves of the plugin are exactly the same. Each band has controls towards the top that allow you to either boost or cut and choose between shelf or bell. Each of the bands allow you to choose the frequency in steps. The lowest band ranges from 22 Hz to 1 kHz, band two from 82 Hz to 3.9 kHz, band three from 220 Hz to 10 kHz, and the highest band from 560 Hz to 27 kHz (well above any non-mutant human’s range of hearing, but still great for adding air to program material). You are also able to adjust the bandwidth for each band and of course control how much to boost or attenuate. In the center of the Massive Passive, you can add or subtract gain, link or unlink the two channels and apply low-pass or high-pass filters.

Mix Tip

It’s hard to decide what advice to leave you with here, because the Massive Passive is so musical-sounding and therefore useful for so many applications. If I had to pick one characteristic to focus on though, it’d have to be how it “opens up” the entire mix when placed on the stereo buss. Once you’re somewhat happy with how your mix is sounding, insert it (post any compression) and boost using the low and high shelves (perhaps at 100 Hz and 16 kHz) to add a “smiley face” curve to your entire track.

UAD Manley Massive Passive

2. FabFilter Pro-Q 3

For more surgical work, and when you need more modern features, I can’t think of any equalizer more effective than the FabFilter Pro-Q 3.

This plugin isn’t something I reach for when I’m looking to add coloration or character to my tracks, it’s more for precise “fixing” of unwanted resonances or harshness, and occasionally to add a subtle boost wherever needed. The Pro-Q 3 really does everything you would hope a “digital” style equalizer can do. While the Pro-Q 3 is filled to the brim with useful capabilities, some of my favorite and most used features include:

  • M/S (Mid/Side) mode allows you to treat the center separately from the sides, which is great for stereo buss work.
  • It has perhaps the most beautiful spectrum analyzer I have ever seen and used. The “spectrum grab” feature is excellent for determining when there is potentially too much information taking place at any one area of the frequency spectrum.
  • Dynamic EQ mode allows the user to only apply boosting or attenuation when the plugin detects signal over a set threshold.

Mix Tip

Use the dynamic EQ mode on vocals for de-essing. When I de-ess, I find that it’s better to spread the workload across multiple plugins for maximum transparency. Because the dynamic EQ mode allows the Pro-Q 3 to adapt to your material (only removing what you want, when you want) it’s perfect for de-essing. I’ll use the spectrum analyzer to determine where the harsh esses are occurring in the frequency spectrum, create a band, set it to dynamic EQ mode, adjust the bandwidth and amount of attenuation to taste and it’s done!

Fabfilter Pro Q3

3. Whatever Pultec EQP-1A Emulator You Can Get Your Hands On

Built and introduced in 1951 by Ollie Summerland and Gene Shank in my home state of New Jersey, the EQP-1A has become a studio legend due to its warmth, clarity and beautiful top end. Originally used widely by the broadcast industry to add a final touch to inferior-sounding program material, the passive, all-tube Pultec eventually found its way into recording studios and has been used on thousands of records since.

One of the unique features of the Pultec EQP-1A is that it can simultaneously boost and cut at the exact same frequency. “Why would you want to do this? Wouldn’t they cancel each other out?” you might ask. To put it simply, the boost control has a bit more gain than the attenuate control, and the frequencies are slightly different. You can see in the beneath illustration (created by running pink noise through the Universal Audio Pultec EQP-1A) that with the boost and attenuation dials both set to ten at a frequency of 60 Hz, the resulting sound has a pronounced midrange dip when compared to the original. This makes the Pultec a go-to option when trying to balance kick drum and electric bass. If you want your kick to sit beneath the bass, it’s advisable to insert the plugin on the kick drum, boost somewhat drastically at the preferred fundamental (60 Hz is a nice starting point) and then use the attenuator to scale back the effect. Then, apply a Pultec to the bass, and try to do the opposite, attenuating where you had previously boosted. This is surely not a fool-proof method to establish a healthy kick/bass relationship but will generally serve as a good starting point.

There are many great emulations of the EQP-1A, including offerings from the aforementioned Universal Audio, Waves, IK Multimedia and more.

Pultec Spectral Analysis No Change

Pultec spectral analysis: no change

Pultec Spectral Analysis Boost Only

Pultec spectral analysis: boost only

Pultec Spectral Analysis Boost and Attenuation Applied

Pultec spectral analysis: boost and attenuation applied

Mix Tip

Try using the Pultec as it was originally intended, as a finishing touch on your stereo buss. Sometimes just a subtle boost at 10 kHz or 12 kHz is exactly what a mix needs to sound more open and clearer. Use the Pultec in this way just before the final limiter if your mix is lacking top end sparkle. Additionally, thin-sounding mixes can benefit from a small boost at 60 Hz or 100 Hz.

Pultec EQP-1A

4. iZotope Neutron 3 EQ and Ozone 9 EQ

Part of modern mixing is getting productions to be competitively loud. This goes beyond compression — it means removing what doesn’t need to be there (particularly in the low end) and emphasizing what does. These two plugins help identify what those frequencies are, and can boost or attenuate with precision and mostly transparent sound quality. Excessive low frequencies especially can eat up valuable headroom, and using a high-pass filter or well-placed notch filter can go a long way in preserving headroom, allowing one to push the volume of the mix louder without compromising dynamic range and tonality. iZotope is known for making practical, flexible, forward-thinking software and these two equalizers that can be found within the Music Production Suite are no exception. I often use them for ‘pseudo-mastering’ purposes when I’m tasked with delivering loud, modern-sounding mixes.


Mix Tips

The Neutron 3 equalizer is a 12-band powerhouse complete with a dynamic EQ mode, impressive sidechain capabilities and plenty more useful bells and whistles. A fascinating feature I use often is the frequency masking meter. Essentially, it tells you where there may be frequency masking between the different elements of your mix. For example, masking is common between kick and bass, or keyboards and guitars. Even more impressive is the inverse link option which allows you to work across multiple instances of Neutron 3. With this feature, you can boost at a specific frequency range on one instance, and a second instance of the plugin will attenuate at that same frequency range automatically. This works wonders, especially on large sessions where a lot of frequency masking may be present.

Ozone is better suited for in the box mastering and stereo buss work. I often use the mastering assistant feature to see what the plugin suggests is working well and not so well in my mixes, frequency-wise. Sometimes I’ll disregard what mastering assistant recommends, other times I’ll consider the recommendations and make slight changes within Ozone. Occasionally I’ll see where in the frequency spectrum Ozone suggests I make fixes, and then use my mastering-grade hardware equalizer from High Voltage Audio to make adjustments at those specific frequencies.

Ozone 9 EQ

5. Soundtoys Sie-Q

The Sie-Q is modeled after the Siemens W295b, and is one of the equalizers I reach for when I want to add character to tracks.

It’s pretty simple to use, featuring the ability to boost or cut in the lows, mids, and highs. While we as engineers are first and foremost focused on sound quality, there is something to be said about how many of the plugins from Soundtoys feel like, well, toys. Their user interfaces have big, chunky knobs that you can almost hear make a satisfying click when you make a change. That said, the Sie-Q sounds lovely and due to its simple controls, I can generally dial in a good sound with it within a matter of seconds.

Mix Tip

The plugin was designed to retain the saturation characteristics of the original hardware, and you can push the unit by turning up the drive parameter. The plugin automatically adjusts the output level, preventing it from getting too high as you apply more drive.

Soundtoys Sie-Q

6. The Waves API Collection

The Waves API collection includes the API 550A 3-band EQ, API 550B 4-band EQ, API 560 graphic EQ and API 2500 stereo compressor. These are all emulations of famed hardware units from Automated Processes Incorporated (API for short). Due to slightly differing functionality, the 550A and 550B EQ units serve their own purpose, but I have found them both to have a clear, open-sounding top end, punchy midrange and round, full low end. The 560 is a graphic equalizer and, personally speaking, gets the most usage out of the three. I often use the clarity of the 16 kHz band to enhance vocals, acoustic guitars and drums.

Mix Tip

Try limiting yourself to using only these equalizers when mixing. API console equalizers are wonderful — there’s just something special about the way they can “glue” a mix together. No equalizer is perfect for every single application, but if you’re in a position where you can challenge yourself on a mix by only using one set of equalizers, try using these emulations of the wonderful sounding units that have been used to sculpt the sounds of thousands of records.

Waves API Collection

7. Mäag Audio EQ4

The legendary Mäag hardware was used to shape the vocals of artists including Madonna, Snoop Dogg and the Black Eyed Peas. You’ll realize why almost instantly after inserting this beautifully blue equalizer on a vocal track and experimenting with the patented air band, which offers a shelving boost at 2.5 kHz, 5 kHz, 10 kHz, 20 kHz, and even 40 kHz. While 40 kHz is well above the range of human hearing, I often use this setting to add, well, air to a variety of sources.

Mix Tip

While you might be tempted to ignore all that this EQ has to offer and use it simply for the air band, I find each of the bands to be musical, clear and useful for a variety of applications. I find myself utilizing this equalizer on kick and snare drums, bass, subgroups and even the stereo buss.

Maag EQ4

8. Your Stock DAW Equalizer

All of the aforementioned plugins are fantastic, and they are far more likely to see use than the stock plugins that come with the DAWs that I currently use the most for mixing (which are Logic Pro and Pro Tools). However, don’t let this deter you from making do with what you’ve got. Equalizers may come in different shapes and sizes along with differing capabilities, but all serve a similar purpose: to get your tracks to “play nice” with each other. It’s better to learn the basics on a simple stock equalizer than to feel overwhelmed and overdo the equalization with a feature-laden third-party plugin.

Logic Pro especially comes with an impressive array of equalizers straight out of the box. There’s the Vintage EQ Collection which features Console (Neve-inspired), Graphic (API-inspired) and Tube (Pultec-inspired) equalizers. Each of them offers great sound quality and functionality. Use them to add some vintage flavor to your tracks when producing or mixing within Logic Pro.

Ableton EQ8

Ableton Live’s EQ8, an example of a stock EQ

Ian Vargo

Ian Vargo

Ian Vargo is a Producer, Mixer and Audio Professor based in Los Angeles. He has worked on numerous major label and independent records. Get in touch on his website or learn more from him in Mastering in the Box and Mixing Pop.

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