Pro Audio Files

Recording Studio Rates 101

Studio and engineering rates have been in a strange flux for the past 10 to 15 years. Recently, a large divide is pushing the medium-priced studios out of the market, or forcing them to one of the two extremes. Read on to discover more about this divide, and what you can do to help ensure your studio stays afloat…

How the Market Has Changed

Let’s begin with a brief overview of just a few important facts that have changed the recording industry in the past few years. First, the advent of affordable home recording systems has opened opportunities up to many more people.

On the positive side, it is much easier to at least get started in the industry, learn, and craft a few skills. Before, the industry was very closed and you usually needed a connection of some sort to break in. However, this ease of access has flooded the market with an extreme number of ‘subpar’ engineers. Sometimes they don’t realize the years and years of experience necessary to learn how to listen, what to listen for, and how to really use the equipment and tools in the studio. But, they have their groups of friends, who are most likely musicians of some kind, and offer to record those friends for free, or next to nothing. While that’s great for those relationships, it is very much killing off the professional market for local-based artists.

Second, and related, the number of schools offering courses in ‘Recording Arts and Sciences’ and the number of students they graduate promising a career in the industry has also flooded the market with engineers who many times do not have the necessary experience or talent to compete on a professional level. Now don’t get me wrong, I strongly support schools offering courses in the field and providing valuable experiences. I also strongly support all who wish to test their hand in the industry. Go for it! But we still need to be realistic: Engineering is just as much of a creative art form as the music itself, and requires just as much skill and talent. While I’m sure there are plenty of talents who come out of these schools, I have yet to personally meet a single graduate who I can see running a successful studio in the future, and I deal with interns from these schools on a daily basis.

These two factors have increased the number of available engineers by at least the hundreds of thousands around the world. In general, they start up with a small setup either from their own savings, or supplied by their institution, and charge next to nothing. I’m not quite sure how they hope to make any money, or if they hope to make any money, but experience has shown that most often these studios or engineers cannot afford to run their businesses for very long.

The Great Divide

And so we have come upon the topic of the divide: Inexperienced engineers have driven the going rates for recording down to almost free by the mere fact that so many of them exist and ‘just want to help their friends’. At the same time, professionals in the industry still sit on top of the world, charging high rates, but also providing stellar quality products and services. But what’s happened to those in the middle? And is it even possible to climb the ladder from ‘less-experienced but talented’ to professional?

Those in the middle, those who are on the brink of turning professional, are facing the greatest challenges. They have gained the necessary experience to be a valued asset to artists. They have accrued the necessary equipment to provide professional services. And they are now starting to build a professional client list and portfolio, not just friends. Yet they are being forced to make a tremendously difficult decision:

“Do I charge a low rate to compete with all of the up-and-comings? I know I can provide better quality, so I should get more business, right?”


“Do I charge a high rate and compete with all of the established pros? I know I can compete, make more money, and keeping building a strong client list, but do I have a strong enough reputation to even get any clients?”

If they charge a ‘middle-of-the-road’ rate, they will most likely get no business. The low rates are drawing all of those musicians on a budget over to their side, while the more established musicians and those seeking a hands-down professional result usually have the financial backing to afford the high-priced pros. The medium priced studios are slowly being weeded out.

The Problems of Charging Low Rates

How many of you have sat down and actually wrote up a business plan for your studio? It’s great that we all love audio and working in the industry, but I’m guessing you’d still like to at least make a little money, right? At least enough to support yourself and your company, and hopefully even a little more, right?

Well, I’m not going to do the math for you here, but it isn’t very hard to figure out how much you actually need to charge to make a living. But what I can tell you is that you will never be able to afford your company until you can at least charge $40 to $50 per hour. Much much more than that if you plan on running in a commercial space. But, $40 or $50 an hour puts you right smack in the ‘medium’ prices we discussed earlier. By choosing to charge less, you essentially tell your clients and those in the industry that you don’t feel you’re worth very much. You don’t have a lot of confidence. And to any business owner, that you really don’t have the necessary business acumen to run a successful studio. Good luck getting investors interested. And you had better plan on keeping your day job.

For those of you who want to be true professionals, once you have the real-life-in-studio experience to successfully give quality results at a high level, you must take the leap and charge a professional rate.

The Professional Engineer

In general, I would categorize a professional rate as something no lower than $75 per hour. I know some great engineers who charge that rate. But I also know quite a few who charge $100 per hour, and even higher. And that doesn’t always include the studio rate, that’s just to pay the engineer.

Without telling you exactly what I charge myself, I will just say that I’m in the ‘professional’ category. You won’t believe how many clients I get from cheaper studios who have had bad experiences or received poor quality recordings. As a friend of mine once told me, “Let them go to those places. You and I both know that they will come back to us on their hands and knees begging for studio time. Because we know how to treat them. We know how to make a recording. And we charge for that knowledge.”

So What’s Your Choice?

The low priced studios face a constant uphill battle. They are always losing clients to higher priced places, they never have an opportunity to build a professional client list, and they don’t make enough money to support themselves or their family, let alone their company.

If you call your studio ‘professional’ and you say that you provide ‘professional recordings’ then charge a professional rate. Low rates aren’t doing you any favors, and they are helping to kill off the industry. Clients will come in more prepared if they have to pay more money… in turn, they will make a better recording giving you better credits. Clients will also respect you and your wishes more when you yourself display the value you think you have. If you only think you are worth $15 per hour, then you can expect to be treated as such. When you charge $100 per hour, clients look up to you. And sometimes they even think you did a better job than you might have actually done.

You get what you pay for, and that fact will never change. Do yourself and your clients a favor, and charge a rate that they will respect and that you can make a living off.

Continue reading with Charging an Hourly Rate vs. Charging per Song.

Share your own thoughts about studio rates in the comments!

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Charles Szczepanek

Charles Szczepanek

Internationally awarded and recognized, Charles Szczepanek has enjoyed performing for diverse audiences as well as engineering and producing for many highly-respected artists across multiple genres. Hailed a ‘Whiz’ and ‘Genius’ by some, Charles has collaborated with Grammy Award winners. Additional personal achievements include: multiple international prizes for piano performance, recognition by Steinway for ‘Outstanding Piano Performance’, as well as awards in music composition, ensemble direction, and vocal performance.

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  • Hi Charles,

    Very poignant article. I find myself facing this difficulty very often. On the one hand, we have a number of clients who are well funded. On the other, there’s a whole sea of musicians who simply can’t afford to record in a studio. I’m always torn between charging how much I feel the studio is worth and what my experience and discography warrant, and staying competitive and making the studio accessible to young musicians. Philadelphia, PA, USA where my studio is based happens to be unique in the sense that the unestablished musicians are by and large extremely talented and professional. I want those musicians to have a place where they can get a quality recording on a price they can afford. Unfortunately – what my studio provides both in terms of facility and product warrants a much heavier price tag, and I wouldn’t feel right selling myself short.

  • I dug this article. One factor you didn’t include is the “homey engineer” or what I’m not beginning to call the “Groupie Engineer”. This “engineer” is someone who has a busted computer, a couple of pro-sumer pieces of equipment and tons of cracked software but knows a lot of indy (i.e., “underground”) artists and who charges close to nothing for credit on the album; this kind of “engineer” thinks that by doing free (and usually sub-par work, that they’ll eventually gain more clients/pay from other artists who might like what they’re doing).

    What has happened is that the quality of the albums that these artists release is extremely sub-par, but then one of the fans might buy this and think “Okay, well if this artist has an album that sounds like this, I too can do this at home; quality doesn’t matter, it’s all about the music!” For those of us who have spent some serious coin in our equipment, who need to charge at least a reasonable rate in order to maintain and keep purchasing serious tools for the job, it’s really hard to compete when “Groupie Engineers” are catering to the “f**k it” attitude that a lot of independent, yet popular artists seem to have nowadays. Respect to those serious cats who are trying to keep their rates as low as possible, but are using serious tools, it’s rough times for us!

  • Paul

    I enjoyed the article and comments. I am first and foremost a pro jazz pianist but have always been interetsed in learning about recording. For many years I have had quite reasonable/broadcast quality facilities at my home – good enough for the BBC et al anyway! – not principally down to cost but because the great majority of so-called ‘engineers’ are great at twiddling pots but have their ears painted on.

    I suppose the current trend for ‘music’ = pop (or variant of) then not a great deal pf musical knowledge or expertise let alone subtlety is required aither in the playing or recording of it. Just give ’em plenty of noise!

    I dread going to play a concert where – oh joy! – there’s a sound engineer. There must be some good ones who do know about music somewhere but I despair of finding them. I think you can more easily become a dound engineer from being a musician and probably should do so. But not just pop and rock, please!!

    I suppose by many pro comparisons the gear I have is not as impressive as all the latest high-whizz dancing gear but you know, the sound is damn good and that seems to attract those who listen to my recordings. Yes, I only record others if they are friends, that being a deliberate choice. I don’t need the money so much these days but proper musicians do need someone who understands their music when they want to record.

    Pop/rock is the biggest ‘musical’ swindle ever.

  • Dave

    Great Article! I agree with most of what you have said. The problem in Utah, is that you have professional studios charging $65/hr. They can do this because they have professional studios built in their home which they are paying a 20-25 year old mortgage on. So their overhead is extremely low.

    This makes it even harder for the middle budget studios like mine to break into the industry. Not only are you competing against studios that are seasoned, but you can’t possibly charge as much or more than the already established $65/hr studios.

    The only way I have been able to survive is by specializing in something that these other studios can’t do. But this requires wearing even more hats than I currently am wearing. Tough, tough, tough industry. But I feel blessed to be making it.

  • Glen

    I personally feel the recording industry has taken advantage of lots of
    People siimpily cause they could. Those days are over.


    I started a studio 4 years ago in Pittsburgh, PA called MCM Studios, prior to that I always made money doing many odd jobs (Producing, Performing, Promoting). I a, faced with this issue right now. I’m doing good, but I want to expand. Let me ask you and whoever sees this a question, what do you think of the idea of turning all your studio clients into a small record label? I been thinking about it and searching for peoples opinion on it around the interwebs. Feel free to email me or get in contact. I work with s crap ton of talented people, and feel we could all benefit even more than a pay to record business-client relationship.

  • SL

    Thank you so much. That was genuine and extremely informative. As someone craving a career change I’ve been trying to do my homework – what better way than a concise history of the industry.

  • Dale Leitch

    When I worked in recording studio with other musicians in Liverpool,the going rate for engineers was £75 + an hour,albums reach in to £250+ an hour,I remember beacause I seriously considered changing my profession and this was 1999.thanks for the post.

  • Kai Thillmann

    One thing nobody has mentioned is recruiting. On the same lines as what Charles is talking about, in order to reflect on the fact you are a “professional” studio and will provide top quality recordings, you should only be recording professional level musicians who stand a good, solid chance of selling records. Look at it like a professional sports draft. There are many good amateurs out there but not all can make it as a professional. If you are a very good judge of talent, then only record a high level of talent. Musicians you think you can get record sales from. Why not set up a payment plan with musicians who you think are worthy of recording and have a contract that pays the studio a small percentage of record sales. I am not sure if the professional music industry does that, but I would think they do.

  • Christi Out

    This is great Charles. Usually when you charge a nice hourly rate, you will keep the broke and free loaders away. Yes, we do it for the love, but the love don’t pay bill. I’m thinking about boosting up my prices as well. Here is a studio that have prices up

  • Jason

    I’m more inclined to agree with Matt’s comment. This article is really great if you’re a commercial studio owner questioning your rates, but the article also seems targeted toward those who are sitting at the non-existent mid-level. Being an artist as much as I am a studio engineer, I think it’s worth looking at the bigger picture here.

    The vast majority of artists in the world cannot pay 75+ an hour out of pocket, so they’re going to need some sort of financial backer (likely in the form of a record label). The problem here is that we no longer live in a world where record sales can turn that sort of investment around. Someone in this equation has to lose money (not that I’m advocating for that someone to be the studio engineer / producer). Now if you’re a relatively unknown band and you’ve just dropped $10K on a record, and you’re waiting for Youtube and Spotify royalties to turn that around, you may want to stop holding your breath. You had better save up another $10K and get yourself a tour van and a few months on the road so you can at least hope to get your name out there and maybe sell a few physical records.

    If you’re a pop artist or riding the latest trend (or have a trust fund), you are probably into that $100/hr studio game. If not, you might want to seek out that mid-level, $40/hr studio and get your 80% – 90% quality record.

    At the end of the day, it’s supply and demand. You should charge as much as people are willing to pay for your product. If you have too many clients, maybe it’s time to charge more….

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